Marijuana Legalization Continues to Gain Momentum in States
July 24th 2019
By Phillip Smith
At the beginning of 2019, hopes were high that as many as four or five states would legalize marijuana through the legislative process this year. That didn’t happen, and the failure of both New Jersey and New York to get it done was especially dispiriting, given that governors and legislative leaders alike said they supported it.
As we pass the mid-point of the year, and most state legislatures have adjourned, it’s looking increasingly like we will have to settle for Illinois having gotten it done in 2019. But that’s a glass-half-empty attitude. In a report released Monday, the Marijuana Policy Project (MPP) sees a lot of progress this year.
“Virtually every legislature in the country is taking a close look at its marijuana policies, and many have adopted significant reforms in 2019,” MPP director of state policies and lead report author Karen O’Keefe said in a press release accompanying the report. “Not a single legislature moved to repeal or roll back a medical cannabis or legalization law. Particularly with the first-of-its-kind legalization victory in Illinois, 2019 has been a milestone year for MPP and our movement.”
One state, though, was called out for bucking the forward trend. MPP identified South Dakota as “the most stagnant,” noting:
“South Dakota has the dubious distinction of being the only state where there has been no forward progress on marijuana policies in 2019. The state lacks a medical cannabis, decriminalization, and legalization law, and no legislator even put forth a proposal to improve marijuana policies this year.
“While the legislature did pass a hemp bill in 2019, Gov. Kristi Noem (R) vetoed the modest measure, and the legislature could not muster the votes for an override.
“The Mount Rushmore State is also the only state that criminalizes ‘internal possession’—meaning a person could legally use cannabis in Canada, but face jail time if they test positive in South Dakota.”
Still, calling 2019 “a historic year for marijuana policy and the movement,” MPP pointed to 27 states where legalization bills were filed, decriminalization in three states, and progress in Congress, as well as incremental positive changes, such as expanding existing medical marijuana programs or adding on-site consumption to an existing legalization law.
The MPP report included a list of the top 10 pot policy achievements of 2019. Here it is:
1. Marijuana Legalization in Illinois. On June 25, 2019, Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker made history by signing into law the Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act (CRTA)! The Illinois House and Senate had approved the CRTA in late May. Adults 21 and older will be allowed to possess and purchase cannabis starting on January 1, 2020.
2. U.S. House Prevents Federal Intervention. For the first time ever, the U.S. House of Representatives approved a budget rider to prevent federal interference with adult-use marijuana laws.
3. Decriminalization in New Mexico. New Mexico decriminalizes marijuana, reducing the penalty for up to half an ounce of marijuana to a $50 civil fine.
4. Medical Cannabis in Georgia. Georgia approves in-state production of medical cannabis with up to 5% THC.
5. North Dakota Drops Jail Time for Simple Possession. North Dakota reduces the penalty for up to half an ounce of marijuana from a misdemeanor to an infraction carrying a maximum fine of $1,000.
6. Hawaii Decriminalizes Very Small Amounts of Cannabis. Hawaii reduces the penalty for up to three grams of cannabis from up to 30 days in jail and a fine of up to $1,000 to a $130 civil fine.
7. On-Site Consumption in Colorado. Colorado legalizes and regulates cannabis hospitality—such as cannabis cafes—in localities that opt in.
8. Home Delivery in Colorado. Colorado legalizes home delivery.
9. Employment Protection in Nevada. Nevada prohibits most employers from conducting pre-job offer drug testing.
10. Guam Legalizes Marijuana. The U.S. territory of Guam legalizes and regulates marijuana for adults’ use.
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